A quality lesson plan can make the difference between what a child retains and what he doesn't. When creating a lesson plan, you should set out to determine how much you expect the children to learn, how much time you have to teach them and how you will assess their retention of the material.
The Primary Lesson
Before you create a lesson plan, you have to have a primary objective: what you're going to teach the students. It can be basic addition, learning about Benjamin Franklin or the five food groups. No matter what you plan on teaching, you must have a primary objective to develop your lesson plan around.
What Students Will Accomplish
After you have decided what topic you are teaching, the next objective should be what you intend the students to have accomplished at the end of the lesson. Should they be able to give specific dates about Benjamin Franklin's life? Should they be able to give you examples of foods from each of the five food groups? Ask yourself what level you want the students to attain.
Most classroom settings have time constraints that should be factored into your lesson plan. Whether it is between lunch break and recess or during a class period, you need to forecast how much your students will learn within the time available for instruction.
Next on your list of objectives should be to determine what will prove the students have retained what you've been teaching. Will students have an activity worksheet that they need to complete in order to show how much information they retained? Choose the tasks you will require of the students.
Satisfactory Performance Level
After you have decided the tasks students will be assigned to prove they have learned what you have taught, you will then need to decide what is considered satisfactory performance. Is the objective to have each student get at least 75 percent on a test or group project? Set a level for what you would consider satisfactory.
A lesson plan can revolve around a lecture, but there should be media or other aids that help students understand what you're teaching. Determine what materials you will need to help students learn about the topic. These can be pictures or graphs, videos, music or samples. For example when teaching students about the five food groups a picture of the food pyramid and small samples of foods from the food pyramid (bread, apples, milk or carrots) can help students understand what is considered healthy food.