The math section of the General Educational Development test does not cover calculus as of 2013. The math section of the GED has two parts, which each take 45 minutes to complete. The sections test your math skills in four primary areas; each area comprises 20 to 30 percent of your score.

What is Covered

The math section tests your understanding of number sense and operations; taking measurements and using geometry; the use of data, including statistics; and algebra, including functions and understanding patterns. You may use a calculator approved by the GED Testing Service during the first half of the test.

Test Composition

The math portion of the test is about 80 percent multiple choice questions and 20 percent questions that the GED Testing Services calls "constructed answers." In constructed answer questions, you fill in a blank on a chart or label grid points rather than select an answer from several provided choices.

Other Sections

The other parts of the test cover social studies, science and language arts. The language arts section is also broken into two sections: One section covers reading comprehension skills and another section tests writing skills.

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