Learners with special needs require a different type of instruction from ordinary students. These learners often face various challenges such as emotional and behavioral difficulties as well as communication and physical disabilities. There are various teaching solutions to aid these special learners. Learning institutions need to know exactly what challenges their special learners have. This is where assessment tools for special-education students become necessary.
This tool is employed to know what type of learning environment a particular student needs. This will provide his educators a better idea on how to supervise him and what instruments should be used. Usually, university psychologists are the ones who conduct this exam. The whole test is often done individually as this is considered the most effective way to go about it. There are two popular types of this assessment tool, namely the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children and the Stanford Binet. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale was designed to identify the spatial and language capacities of a person. Stanford Binet was created to identify cognitive difficulties.
Developmental and Social History
This involves the checking of students' backgrounds. The background check includes information on health, behavioral, and psychological aspects. This is usually done by a school teacher, a counselor or psychologist with the help of the learner's parents. The tests are conducted through an interview or questionnaire. The facts that come out of the interview are analyzed to identify the special needs necessary to aid the student's learning progress given his disabilities.
Once an individual starts the learning process in a special school, this method is used to assess his progress and to determine if he needs more assistance with his classes. Achievement testing is done through a standardized set of examinations that are conducted for every student. The goal of these exams is to determine the learner's competence level in different areas, such as writing and reading and in various subjects such as math and science. The scores enable the teachers to determine how to assist each student in the learning process.
This assessment tool is then performed when a student is confirmed to have a learning disability. The aim is to find out how best the student can be assisted to adapt to a certain teaching method. This test also determines the individual's behavior toward living independently. This exam can be administered through the use of questionnaires or through observation by a qualified professional.
Based in Nairobi, Kenya, David Karanja has been writing since 1995. He is the author of novels and his articles have appeared in “Global Journalist” magazine, “Nieman Reports” journal and “Christianity Today” magazine. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in anthropology from the University of Nairobi.