Some professors who teach management in nursing school require their students to put together a change project. This means applying a change theory typically used in nursing to bring about planned change or solve a problem. It can be a daunting task if you have no guidance. Here are a few tips to help you get your change project in nursing started.
Observe your environment. Your change project may apply to the health care facility where you have clinicals. In this case, you need to monitor the site for signs and symptoms of the need for change. Look at the nursing processes in place: do they work efficiently, are infection control practices being done routinely. Anything can be a catalyst for change as long as it adds something positive to the establishment. Then, diagnose the problem that indicates a need for change.
Pick a change theory. Lewin's change theory is used widely in nursing. Despite this fact, there are many other change theories you can use like Spradley's theory of change, Lippitts change theory or Roger's theory of change. Pick the ones that best suit the change you are trying to bring about.
Put a plan together. Using your selected change theory, write a plan based on each step of the theory you have chosen. Your plan should address what you will do to solve the problem you have diagnosed. It should include activities that will combat the problem and bring about change, a method to measure the success of the plan such as a quiz and a way to make the change permanent. Be sure to include a timeline or timetable for your change project. It needs to have a beginning and an end.
Present your change project. Tell your class the topic of your change project and why you chose it. Discuss the change theory you applied to the problem you diagnosed and all the activities you planned for bringing about change. You may at the end of your presentation administer a quiz or questionnaire to the class, to show how you would conduct an evaluation of your change project.
Organize the materials you will hand in to your professor. Prepare your timeline, plan for bringing about change and evaluation method to your professor. Also hand in whatever your professor needs to grade you.