Dialysis is a medical process that removes waste from the blood. In healthy people, this process is performed by the kidneys. People with kidney or renal failure must undergo dialysis on a regular basis unless they get a kidney transplant. Who first discovered the treatment and when this discovery occurred is a complicated issue, as many people over many years contributed to the discovery of currently used process of dialysis.
Who Contributed to the Dialysis Discovery?
Thomas Graham, a Scottish chemist, is credited with coming up with the idea of dialysis in 1854. It wasn't until 1913, however, that a dialysis machine was invented by John J. Abel, L. G. Rowntree, and B. B. Turner. Unfortunately the machine was of little use because the blood clotted too quickly. In 1922, W.H. Howell invented an anti-clotting drug, Heparin, which allowed for further research into dialysis. The first dialysis machine that could be used for human treatment was invented in 1943 by William J. Kolff.