Pediatricians care for children from the time they are born until they reach adulthood, and nearly 58,000 pediatricians practice in the United States. Many medical schools offer residencies in pediatrics; however, some schools stand out. Some are exceptional because of the amount of money given to them for pediatric research by the National Institutes of Health, an indicator of successful research. Others have been ranked by a nationally known ranking, such as the yearly rankings of colleges and universities done by "U.S. News & World Report."

University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia was ranked first in the 2013 "U.S. News & World Report" rankings of the best pediatric medical schools. The university received more dollars for pediatric research topics than any other college of medicine in the nation. Many of the residents in the pediatric specialty at the Perelman School of Medicine stay on for additional training in one of the sub-specialties the School of Medicine has in pediatrics. Perelman is affiliated with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, which was ranked by "Parents" magazine as the best children's hospital in the country.

Harvard University

Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, ranked second by "U.S. News & World Report," has a combined internal medicine and pediatrics specialty residency. Residents have the opportunity to specialize in community health, global health or hospital care. Harvard is ranked in the top 10 schools of medicine in the amount of research money given to it for pediatric research by the National Institutes of Health. The hospital affiliated with Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, was ranked second by "Parents" magazine on their list of best children's hospitals.

University of Cincinnati

The University of Cincinnati is affiliated with Cincinnati Children's Hospital, which was ranked third in the country by "Parents" magazine. The pediatric residency program was ranked third in the nation by "U.S. News & World Report". The university has three primary pathways of study for its residents: global health, primary care and research. Residents can take advantage of 100 different areas of specialization in their fellowship program after graduation. Also, the university offers combined programs for residents interested in pediatrics and physical medicine and rehabilitation, child psychiatry, human genetics or neurology.

Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins is ranked second in the amount of money given to the medical school for research by the National Institutes of Health. The university opened a new children's hospital, the Bloomberg Children's Center, in 2012. In addition, students may choose to study for residency in Baltimore or in St. Petersburg, where Johns Hopkins has another pediatric medicine facility. Residents may choose to focus on global health, community health or research.

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