Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were iconic leaders of the women's suffrage movement. The two women met in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1851 and quickly formed a friendship around suffragette activism. As a team, they served different roles in the suffrage movement, with Anthony serving in a managerial and public capacity and Stanton providing intellectual writings.
Anthony's expertise was in managing people, ideas and finances. Anthony was a master of public relations and politicking, which was evidenced by her appearance before every Congress between 1869 and 1906. Anthony further grabbed public attention for the suffrage movement when she voted illegally in Rochester, New York, in November 1872. She was arrested and later fined. Anthony, however, refused to pay the fine and, in the process, became a heroine and the public face of the women's suffrage movement.
Stanton was the primary author of many of the most important works of the women's suffrage movement, including the Declaration of the Rights of the Women of the United States. Between 1868 and 1870, Stanton was also the primary author of the movement's magazine, The Revolution. In 1895, Stanton published the Women's Bible, a version of the Bible that rewrote sections she deemed degrading to women.
The temperance movement against alcohol consumption was often attached to the women's suffrage movement, thanks in part to Anthony and Stanton. Anthony was raised a Quaker in Adams, Massachusetts, and had been active in the temperance movement before she met Stanton. Together, the two women realized that temperance was intricately related to women's rights. Because women were so reliant on their husbands and their husbands often drank too much alcohol, women were often abused by their drunk husbands. Temperance would reduce violence against women and, thus, further women's rights.
Abolitionism and African-American Civil Rights
At the same time that women were fighting for the right to vote, African-Americans were fighting for freedom from slavery. This created a split in the suffrage movement, with some women believing that the issue of emancipation and black rights should take precedence over women's rights as a national priority. For Stanton and Anthony, however, this was not the case. The two women led the National Woman Suffrage Association, which opposed the idea that African-American rights took precedence over women's rights.